English Language Learners

Over the past decade, K-12 schools in the United States have been educating more English language learners (ELLs) than at any point in history.  ELLs are a diverse group in language background, school experience, and social-emotional needs.  ELLs require different approaches and different content, even students at the same grade, even the same language development level, to ensure progress towards proficiency. Academically, students in English learner programs face a double challenge: acquiring English while gaining content-area knowledge and skills.  In the era of new academic content standards and new English Language Proficiency/Development standards, educators and policymakers stand to benefit from this rich collection of resources.

English Language Proficiency Standards

The following links provide quick access to English language proficiency (ELP) or English language development (ELD) standards. When used as part of planning, ELP/ELD standards support educators in designing learning opportunities that intentionally focus on developing academic language and increased ELP within content instruction. These standards also guide educators' understanding of expected language performance at the differing stages (or levels) of ELP. CCRS support educators in understanding grade-level expectations in the content areas, and ELP/ELD standards provide guidance on content-area language demands and language performance expectations for assessing and supporting ELL students' ELP.

CCRS Implementation

The resources in the section below provide educators with knowledge and guidance for best supporting ELLs in achieving CCRS. These documents offer strategies for implementing standards and include resources describing ways that administrators and other support personnel can assist CCRS implementation. 

Instruction Aligned with CCRS

The following resources provide educators with recommendations and classroom exemplars of instruction aligned with CCRS that meets the needs of ELLs. The resources include recommendations offering descriptive guidance for designing lessons that incorporate specific strategies in instruction. The examples offer practice-based illustrations, including step-by-step guidance and in some cases, classroom video examples.

Assessment for ELLs

The documents included in this section detail current assessment challenges, practical guidelines for assessment, and information about effective accommodations for ELL students. The resource set also includes practical guidelines focused on assessment along a continuum, ranging from classroom-based to large-scale assessment.