The Unintended Consequences for English Learners of Using the Four-Year Graduation Rate for School Accountability
This report by Migration Policy Institute discusses the unintended consequences for English Learners under the Every Student Succeeds Act adjusted cohort graduation rate, which all states use to calculate the number of students graduating from high school within the standard four years.
Under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), states have reimagined their school accountability systems and come up with new ways to identify schools for support and improvement. States are required to identify schools for three categories of support: comprehensive (CSI), additional targeted (ATS), and targeted support and improvement (TSI). States must also determine how to weight different indicators such as academic achievement, academic growth, and high school graduation rate in their systems—identifying schools that fall below the thresholds set in the law.
The New Mexico Public Education Department announced that the state's standardized testing and teacher evaluations will be getting a makeover. The state agency is seeking public input for updates and ideas on how to measure the proficiency of students and teachers, PARCC for testing and NM Teach for the evaluations were also included in survey rollout to the public earlier this month. New Mexico plans to submit the proposed amendments received during the feedback period in its ESSA state plan to the U.S. Department of Education towards the end of April.
48 states and the District of Columbia have committed to measuring and reporting individual student growth under ESSA. This means everyone in those states – from parents to policymakers – will have more information than before on student performance and school quality. This brief explores the different ways states have committed to measuring student growth and what that means for education stakeholders and their understanding of student success.
Under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), states had to choose at least one measure of school quality or student success—something beyond test scores. According to an analysis by Education Strategy Group in collaboration with Advance CTE and Achieve, a total of 44 states are looking at college and/or career readiness somewhere in their accountability systems, whether for ESSA or under state systems for rating schools. 36 states are measuring college readiness through coursework for federal accountability, and 12 states measure college readiness through work-based learning or leadership experience. In another analysis by the Alliance for Excellent Education, 21 states consider whether students have earned industry credentials.