Models and Modeling: An Introduction

This paper describes how modeling works in concert with all the other science practices in the classroom to promote students’ reasoning and understanding of core science ideas. Modeling usually works in tandem with another practice–explanation. These two practices are at the heart of disciplinary work.

Content Comments 

This paper provides rationale for teaching modeling and explanation in tandem. Explanation is a keystone activity because the ultimate aim of science is to describe why the natural world works the way it does.