Which Students Succeed and Why? This report answers this question by reviewing studies that used educational data to improve and address inequalities in the U.S. educational system. The studies included in this report show how the use of student data is important for students to reflect on their own achievements and future directions, as well as for teachers, administrators, districts, and states to identify trends, evaluate successes of educational changes, and to ensure that programs achieve desired results. As the author states, "properly used, mindfully implemented, and with appropriate privacy protections, student data is a tremendous resource to help schools fulfill the great promise of providing quality education for all” (p. 26).
This resource is an easily accessible literature review on how educational data has helped improve student, teacher, school, district, and state educational practices. The topic of educational improvement is quite broad, and the studies listed in this report range from academic to non-academic areas (e.g., deeper learning curricula to suspension and zero-tolerance policies), with a larger number of studies focusing on the non-academic areas. Each study is given one page in this article, and each page consists of a succinct half-page summary and a chart, graph, or table that illustrates a key finding. All studies included in this report can inform schools, districts, and states on ways to improve educational outcomes for students.