Resource Library

The Center on Standards and Assessment Implementation (CSAI) reviews a variety of resources, ranging from guidance documents, research papers, and policy briefs to tools and websites aimed at supporting state and local education agency leadership in making decisions about their standards, assessment programs, and accountability systems. Reviewed resources are added monthly. 

The Progression of Reading Comprehension

A high level of reading comprehension is necessary for school and career success. This paper explains four key constructs, how they are intertwined, and their roles in reading comprehension. The four constructs are:

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 476
Date created: 01/04/2016 - 18:05

Next Generation Science Standards

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) development involved several rounds of review with multiple stakeholder groups and experts, including a review by the National Research Council, confirming their alignment to the Research Council’s 2011 report, A Framework for K-12 Science Education:...

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 465
Date created: 10/08/2013 - 11:14

Overview of Major Assessment Types in Standards-Based Instruction

This overview is designed to help state education agencies, local education agencies, schools, educators, partner organizations, and other stakeholders understand the differences between major assessment types in standards-based instruction. Formative, Diagnostic, Interim/Benchmark, and Summative...

Number of views: 462
Date created: 11/02/2016 - 17:23

Proposed Definition of Students with the Most Significant Cognitive Disabilities

This document provides draft regulatory language defining the term "students with the most significant cognitive disabilities." This definition applies to a child with a disability or disabilities (as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) that significantly impact intellectual...

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 439
Date created: 05/03/2016 - 17:01

How to Support ELL Students with Interrupted Formal Education (SIFEs)

This article is written to inform educators about the challenges and unique needs of students with interrupted formal education, a group which can also include newcomer English learners.  The authors define the population of students with interrupted formal education, discuss what makes these...

Number of views: 400
Date created: 09/30/2016 - 12:30

Overview of School Funding (PowerPoint Presentation)

This presentation provides an overview of funding for school districts and how district funds are allocated for school resources. There is also brief discussion of funding variations among districts and schools and how these variations can be impacted by personnel hiring. 

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 393
Date created: 04/18/2016 - 09:05

Planned Language Approach (PLA) for Early Childhood Programs

The Planned Language Approach (PLA) is a research-based system of services within an early childhood program designed to ensure high-quality, effective language and literacy instruction for dual language learners (DLLs) and children who speak only English.  This website provides guides,...

Number of views: 361
Date created: 09/29/2016 - 15:45

Designing a Comprehensive Assessment System

An assessment system must provide decision-makers at all levels with sound information on which they can base their decisions in support of learning for all students. A comprehensive system includes different types of assessment tools and processes, used for different purposes at different levels...

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 355
Date created: 03/20/2017 - 15:29

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