Resource Library

The Center on Standards and Assessment Implementation (CSAI) reviews a variety of resources, ranging from guidance documents, research papers, and policy briefs to tools and websites aimed at supporting state and local education agency leadership in making decisions about their standards, assessment programs, and accountability systems. Reviewed resources are added monthly. 

The Nature and Impact of Teachers' Formative Assessment Practices

This technical report details a study that examines three questions relating to formative assessment: (1) What is the quality of implementation of a formative assessment science unit in middle school classrooms? (2) What is the quality of teacher feedback provided to students? (3) To what degree do...

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 166
Date created: 10/08/2013 - 11:14

Teachers Developing Assessment for Learning: Impact on Student Achievement

This article reports on a study about the achievement of secondary school students who worked in classrooms where teachers were given the time to develop formative assessment strategies. Specifically, twenty-four teachers (two science and two mathematics teachers, in each of six schools, in two...

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 38
Date created: 10/08/2013 - 11:14

Informing Writing: The Benefits of Formative Assessment

This resource focuses on the writing achievement of American students, most of whom do not write well enough to meet grade-level demands, despite improvement in the last 20 years (Salahu-Din, Persky, & Miller, 2008). The inability to effectively convey thoughts and ideas through writing is...

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 39
Date created: 10/08/2013 - 11:14

Formative Assessment: Caveat Emptor

This article reviews formative assessment research focusing on features that help to explain how formative assessment works to improve learning. The article offers criteria to clarify the distinction between formative assessment and formative program evaluation. The article proposes solutions for...

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 148
Date created: 10/08/2013 - 11:14

CRESST Report 806—District Adoption and Implementation of Interim and Benchmark Assessments

As an outgrowth of the accountability requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), districts are increasingly implementing interim or benchmark assessments. This report investigates various stakeholders’ original purposes in adopting interim or benchmark assessments, ensuing...

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 76
Date created: 10/08/2013 - 11:14

Connecting Formative Assessment Research to Practice: An Introductory Guide for Educators

This guide is intended to enhance the knowledge and build the capacity of state, district, and school personnel to implement effective formative assessment practice. It defines formative assessment, examines the research, and outlines the components needed to develop a high-quality, research-based...

Type: Knowledge
Number of views: 98
Date created: 10/08/2013 - 11:14

Active Learning Through Formative Assessment

Central to the process of using assessment for (and as) learning is the way in which pupils become involved in all learning and assessment processes: the explanations and classroom examples in this book demonstrate why and how to do it. Drawn from across the age range, and all subjects, the...

Type: Guidance
Number of views: 69
Date created: 10/08/2013 - 11:14

Connecting the Dots: Postsecondary’s Role in Preparing K-12 Students

This report addresses the development of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and common assessments. The report provides an overview of postsecondary’s role in preparing K–12 students for first-year, freshman college courses.  

Type: Guidance
Number of views: 110
Date created: 10/08/2013 - 11:14

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