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The Hewlett Foundation commissioned RAND to review research about the effects of assessment and to summarize what is known about assessment as a lever for reform. To explore the likely influence of new assessments on teaching practice and the conditions that moderate that relationship, researchers...

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In this short article, Grant Wiggins argues that there is no such thing as Nebraska Algebra or Virginia Reading.  Rather, he argues that the Common Core State Standards are a good thing. As evidence he points to the huge disparity in performance on state NAEP, which shows that only 19% of...

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This is the first issue of the National Center on Educational Outcomes e-newsletter. In this issue, NCEO highlights the whirlwind of changes that we are all experiencing – the CCSS, the assessment consortia, shifting assessment policies, flexibility waivers, and more – and how they all relate to...

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The Council of Chief State School Officers’ Accommodations Manual: How to Select, Administer, and Evaluate the Use of Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment of Students with Disabilities was first developed to establish guidelines for states to use for the selection, administration, and...

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Since 1992, the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) has analyzed participation and accommodation policies for students with disabilities on state administered assessments. This report focuses on accommodation policies for alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards (AA...

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This report presents the results of a study based on Dr. Gary Cook’s (2005, 2006, 2007) adaptation of Dr. Norman Webb’s (1997) alignment framework. For this study, Cook’s framework was used to examine the relationship between the Common Core State Standards in English Language Arts (Reading,...

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Based on methodological and data-related issues, the research community cautions against heavy reliance on student test scores for high-stakes decisions. For example, the Board on Testing and Assessment of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences states that “VAM estimates...

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In this short article, author and former teacher Grant Wiggins says that helpful feedback is goal-referenced; tangible and transparent; actionable; user-friendly (specific and personalized); timely; ongoing; and consistent. He provides many examples from sports and the classroom to support his...

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This is a roadmap to finding the elements in the CCSS that apply to educators. It also includes a tool for schools and teams of teachers to work together to both understand the CCSS and develop curriculum and instruction aligned to the standards.

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This report provides an overview of state efforts to implement the Common Core. It discusses state views of the rigor of the CCSS, their impact on learning, and necessary changes in curriculum and instruction; state timelines for teaching curricula aligned to the CCSS; state activities to implement...

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This report discusses how state education agencies view the federal role in assisting them with CCSS implementation and how a reauthorized Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) could be shaped to better support state implementation efforts. Most responding state education officials did not...

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The purpose of the E-ELD standards is to provide a developmentally sound framework for instructing and assessing dual language learners, ages 2.5–5.5 years, which aligns with existing WIDA ELD Standards for Kindergarten through Grade 12 and corresponds to states’ Early Learning Standards. The E-ELD...

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The goal of this literature summary is to review studies of the validity and effectiveness of test accommodations for English language learners (ELLs) not included in the Pennock-Roman and Rivera (2011) meta-analysis of mean effects. The former meta-analysis included 14 studies through 2005. The...

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Critical to the development of any assessment is the ability to make claims about what students know and can do. The purpose of this literature review is to summarize existing research on controversial and innovative accommodations (and accessibility tools) to inform policy decisions. This document...

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The Common Core State Standards and the Next Generation Science Standards, hereafter referred to as “the standards”, represent a significant change in standards-based reform in education. Their release has generated considerable interest among education stakeholders, with 45 out of 50 states now...

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In joint partnership, CCSSO, Achieve, and Student Achievement Partners have developed a Toolkit for Evaluating the Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards.  The Toolkit is a set of interrelated, freely available instruments for evaluating alignment to...

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This is a blog from the World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment organization. WIDA's goal is to advance academic language development and academic achievement for linguistically diverse students through high quality standards, assessments, research, and professional development for...

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This policy brief describes the implementation of new college- and career-ready standards, with a focus on the implications for ELLs; discusses the challenges of language acquisition; and addresses the importance of connecting language proficiency and rigorous content standards for learners. It...

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The Council of Chief State School Officers convened a collaborative of interested states to work within state teams, across states, and with national experts to discuss and share concrete resources and strategies to meet the challenges and leverage the opportunities presented by implementing...

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This webpage includes CCSS professional development videos (and accompanying info) created by the Council of Great City Schools. The videos provide the background of the CCSS and highlight the three shifts that are inherent in these standards.

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This paper provides a blueprint for districts that wish to strengthen their RTTD applications. In it, the author recommends  foundational conditions schools must put in place to transform classrooms and the school itself such that students and educators are ready to implement innovative,...

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This document comprises guidelines for practitioners when making suitable decisions regarding the assessment of English language learner (ELL) students in academic content areas. The guidelines provide recommendations about assessment issues relevant to ELL students, such as developing assessment...

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In this paper, the author proposes a conceptual model for the design and implementation of formative assessment to support the learning goals of the Next Generation Science Standards. The paper includes a review of the literature on formative assessment practices and describes how the literatures ...

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In this special issues brief, authors Sheri Leo and Jane Coggshall lay out a suggested approach for creating meaningful coherence across three interdependent education reforms: Common Core State Standards, teacher evaluation, and professional learning. The authors provide a recommended approach...

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This report provides results from a survey conducted by the National Center on Educational Outcomes of state directors of special education and state directors of assessment, relating to state policies, and practices for including students with disabilities in assessment systems and other aspects...

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The NASBE was a key supporter of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This webpage links to many of their resources to help states transition and implement the CCSS in districts and schools.

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The Teacher Evaluation Playbook provides resources and examples of good practice on how to build a teacher evaluation program, and specific policy ideas to education officials. It also provides suggestions on how teachers can get involved and help shape what evaluations look like. The Playbook...

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In this blog article, the author argues against the elimination of proficiency standards as recommended by others. He concludes that “properly implemented—and worked into modern-style accountability systems for students, educators, schools, districts, even states—that seems to me the right formula...

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In this blog article, the author argues for the elimination of proficiency standards, saying that they represent a school demographic background far more than school effectiveness. He argues “using these rates to evaluate schools will end up mislabeling many as failures that might in fact be doing...

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This study serves as a follow-up a January 2012 Preparing for Change report, which detailed state-reported survey responses about the status of CCSS implementation planning in 2011 overall and in three key areas: teacher professional development, curriculum guides, and teacher-evaluation systems....

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