CSAI Reports and Updates

As a result of technical assistance requests from various stakeholders, CSAI has conducted comprehensive scans or reviews of states’ efforts surrounding teacher evaluation, standards, assessment, and accountability systems. In this section, findings and data are presented in two formats: Updates, which provide an overview of the scan and highlight important findings, and Reports, which provide more in-depth information and comprehensive data. 



Transitioning to the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA): Standards, Assessments, and Accountability

April 2019

In September 2018, CSAI presented on the impact of ESSA on state systems for content standards, assessment, and school accountability. This presentation provides an overview of ESSA regulations, required state actions, and major changes from Elementary and Secondary Education Act regulations. 

Timeline for Consolidated State Plan Submissions

April 2019

This update provides an overview of key dates related to the state submission of consolidated plans aligned with the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). Included are links to resources for understanding ESSA and its statutory requirements.


Implementation of Computerized Adaptive Assessments

April 2019

This update identifies the benefits and limitations of using computerized adaptive assessments, and considerations for states and districts interested in implementing computerized adaptive assessments. 

Career and Technical Education (CTE) Standards

April 2019

This update outlines what CTE standards are and their role in educational offerings for students. Included are resources that can be used to guide the development of CTE standards or programs.

1% Assessment Participation Cap on Students with Significant Disabilities 

April 2019

This update provides an overview of the 1% assessment participation cap, which is designed to limit the number of students with disabilities who are assessed with a state alternate assessment. Frequently asked questions about the 1% cap and and its impact on state assessment practices are addressed. 


ESSA Requirements Related to English Learners

March 2019

CSAI presented at the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) Standards, Assessments, and Accountability System Negotiated Rulemaking Committee meeting on state requirements related to English Learners under the Every Student Succeeds Act. This presentation includes federal policy requirements, state implementation examples, and considerations for how the Committee may approach their own decision-making.

Assessing English Learners Under ESEA, as amended by ESSA

March 2019

This update provides an overview of the different state content and language assessment requirements for states to consider when assessing English learners with the new testing provisions under The Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).

Ethnic Studies Standards — Statewide Initiatives

February 2019

This update outlines current state initiatives to implement ethnic studies standards in California, Indiana, Oregon, and Texas. For each state, it includes links to any available meeting materials or standards information that the state has made available, as well as updates on the progress of ethnic studies standards development or implementation in the state.


CSAI Featured Resources

August 2018

This update features CSAI’s most popular resources, along with some of the new resources produced and published over the past year.

CSAI Technical Assistance Requests

August 2018

This update summarizes several of the technical assistance requests CSAI has received and completed over the past year. 

CSAI Project Updates

August 2018

This update summarizes the major projects CSAI has worked on over the past year.  


Using Student Assessment Data to Support Decision-Making

April 2018

This update discusses how to use student assessment data thoughtfully to improve decision-making and outcomes. State examples and an annotated list of resources are also provided.

Standards-Based Instruction and the Role of Standards in Improved Student Outcomes

April 2018

This update focuses on the role of standards in education and how standards-based instruction may improve student outcomes. State examples and an annotated list of resources are included.

Valid and Reliable Assessments

April 2018

This update defines validity and reliability as a function of high quality assessments. An annotated list of resources is included.


Selected Alternatives for Assessing College and Career Readiness

April 2018

This update discusses alternatives to popular summative assessments for college and career readiness. An annotated list of resources and examples is included.

Standards Alignment to Curriculum and Assessment

April 2018

This update is designed to help readers understand and define standards and alignment in the context of curriculum and assessment. State examples and an annotated list of resources are also provided.


How Is My Child Doing? What Assessment Can Tell Parents About Their Child's Learning

April 2018

This update provides information to parents on how to interpret three common types of assessment their child takes: classroom, district and school interim, and state annual assessments. For each assessment type, the guide answers the following questions: What is it? What can you learn? What can you do with information from the assessment? Also included are examples of questions parents can ask teachers and administrators about assessment.


State Scan of Professional Learning Activities

January 2018

This update includes a scan of six states' professional development opportunities related to standards implementation practices. The scan was completed in order to examine how those states support their standards implementation processes.


Early Learning and Science Standards

December 2017

This update features a literature review of early learning standards and science, specifically focused on the topics of engineering and domain-specific learning. It also includes a scan of selected states' early learning standards.

English Language Proficiency Assessment: Assessment Administration for Newly Arrived Students Under ESSA

December 2017

This update documents how the 15 states with approved ESSA plans handle the assessment of newly arrived students who enroll late in the school year. It includes each state's definition of English language proficiency (ELP), the timing of the state's ELP assessments, as well as statutory language from the U.S. Department of Education regarding these assessments.  


English Learners in States' Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) Plans: Scan of Consolidated State Plans Submitted May 2017

December 2017

This report provides a summary of the 17 ESSA plans submitted by May 31, 2017 to the U.S. Department of Education. The purpose of this report is to provide an at-a-glance look at how states articulated decisions related to standards, assessment, accountability, and instruction of English learners in their submitted consolidated state plans.

Peer Review of State Assessment Systems Outcomes Report

August 2017

This report looks at the Critical Elements (CEs) for which many states have been required to submit additional evidence surrounding their assessment systems to meet ED requirements.

High School State Assessment in the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) – Frequently Asked Questions

May 2017

This FAQ provides an overview of high school assessment requirements under ESSA, including information on the different assessment options states have under ESSA.


Teachers’ Use of Kindergarten Entry Assessment Data

May 2017

This update provides information about the administration and key findings of a survey aimed to understand how New Mexico kindergarten teachers are using data collected by the Kindergarten Observation Tool.

State Use of ACT—Peer Review Results

May 2017

The Center on Standards and Assessment Implementation (CSAI) was interested in looking at the feedback provided to Wisconsin and Wyoming, two states that are using the ACT in their state plans. The information included in this update outlines the findings contained in ED’s decision letters to Wisconsin and Wyoming, and if utilization of the ACT for accountability purposes meets ED requirements.

Key Considerations for Inclusion of School Quality/Student Success Indicators in State Accountability Systems

May 2017

This report provides an analysis of the key factors that states will need or want to consider in determining which school quality or student success measures to include in their accountability systems.


Peer Review Assistance

March 2017

This overview outlines the critical elements of the peer review process, and the supports and resources CSAI can provide for each of those elements.

Innovative Assessment Demonstration Pilot—Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

March 2017

This FAQ provides an overview of the innovative assessment demonstration pilot under ESSA, including information on application requirements and expectations for states.

Native American Language Assessments in ESSA—Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

February 2017

May 2017 - Updated

This FAQ provides an overview of Native American language assessment requirements in ESSA.


Native Language Assessments in ESSA—Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

February 2017

May 2017 - Updated

This FAQ provides an overview of native language assessment requirements in ESSA.

Accountability Requirements for Subgroups of Students

January 2017

March 2017 - Updated

This Update provides an overview of ESSA requirements for reporting data for subgroups of students.

Integrating Speaking and Listening Standards into Instruction—A Review of Resources

January 2017

The Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (Smarter Balanced) sought to provide its member states with guidance in integrating the Speaking and Listening strand of the Common Core State Standards in English language arts into classroom instruction. Research to inform this guidance was completed by WestEd. CSAI has received permission from Smarter Balanced to share a portion of the research. 

For a summary of speaking and listening instructional strategies and practices, please read the Report.


States' Content Standards Revision Processes

December 2016

Based on questions received regarding how states evaluate and revise content standards, CSAI has created this report to outline how states set about to revise content standards and the stakeholders involved in these processes. 

For a summary of each states' processes, please read the Report

Scan of State Accountability Systems

November 2016

This Report looks at the indicators states have used in their accountability systems, including the indicators used for student growth and progress. In preparation for implementation of the ESSA, the scan also includes information on accountability indicators from available draft state plans. 

For further information on draft ESSA state plans, please look at this CSAI Spotlight, which includes links to states' ESSA websites and draft ESSA plans. 

Middle School Mathematics Assessment Exemption 

September 2016

This Update provides an overview of ESSA's assessment flexibility for middle school students who take a high school level mathematics course with an end-of-course assessment.


School Quality Indicators Scan

September 2016

CSAI and the Center on School Turnaround have produced a memorandum containing a brief overview of possible indicators states might use to measure school quality. As states revise their accountability systems to meet the requirements of ESSA, this scan identifies possible indicators of student learning conditions, supports, and/or opportunities for states to use.

Assessment Opt-Out

July 2016

CSAI recently reviewed relevant resources to find out how states are mitigating the trend of parents keeping their children out of statewide assessments. 

For a summary of the results, please see the Update.

For additional information, please read the Report.

Assessment Requirements for High School Graduation

July 2016

CSAI conducted a scan of states' current assessment requirements for high school graduation.

For a summary of the results, please see the Update.

For additional information, please read the Report.


Course Requirements for High School Graduation

July 2016

CSAI conducted a review of the coursework that states are requiring students to complete in order to receive a high school diploma. 

For a summary of the results, please see the Update.

For additional information, please read the Report

State School Accountability Systems That Include a Student Growth Indicator 

June 2016

This scan focuses on states' school accountability systems, with an eye on the states that include a measure of student growth in their accountability system.

For a summary of the results, please see the Update.

For additional information, please read the Report

School Climate and Stakeholder Engagement Measures

​June 2016

This review focuses on states' efforts to measure school climate and stakeholder engagement. 

For a summary of the results, please see the Update.

For additional information, please read the Report


Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten Assessments

June 2016

These documents present results from a review of assessments that states are currently administering at pre-kindergarten and kindergarten entry.

For a summary of the results, please see the Update.

For additional information, please read the Report

For more information about states' pre-kindergarten and kindergarten assessment tools, please visit the Pre-K/K Assessment tab on the State of the States page.


Scan of Measures Used in States' Accountability and Accreditation Systems  

January 19, 2016

This memorandum presents results from a scan of states' accountability and accreditations systems, focusing on measures of student achievement and outcomes that are associated with school improvement.

Scan of States' Writing Standards for Reference to Cursive Writing

September 22, 2015

This memorandum presents results from a scan of states’ English language arts (ELA) standards for writing, with specific attention to references of cursive writing.


Scan of States' College and Career Readiness Indicators 

July 24, 2015

This memorandum provides a summary of the indicators of college- and career–readiness used in nine states: Arizona, Florida, Illinois, Nevada, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Utah. This scan was conducted at the request of the California Comprehensive Center, and focuses on data from states’ ESEA Flexibility Requests and the web sites of state departments of education.


Differentiation of Special Education in the Growth Models Proposed in ESEA Waivers

January 8, 2015

This memorandum presents results from CSAI's scan of growth models proposed in Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) waivers, with a focus on U.S. states' and territories' differentiation of students who participate in special education programs. 

Scan of State Assessment Systems (School Year 2014–2015)

December 9, 2014

This memorandum presents results from CSAI’s most recent scan of state assessment systems, with attention to changes from the previous school year to the 2014–2015 school year. Accompanying this memorandum is a spreadsheet, outlining the assessments administered in each state. 



Scan of Alternative Student Achievement Measures in Statewide Teacher Evaluation Systems

September 22, 2014

This memorandum presents the results of the most recent scan of student achievement measures, other than state tests, in state teacher evaluation systems. This scan also includes measures of student-centered outcomes unrelated to achievement.


Scan of Statewide Teacher Evaluation Systems

August 12, 2014

The contents of this memorandum present the results of the most recent scan of state teacher evaluation systems, with a focus on the components that make up such systems. 


Scan of CCSS Implementation Tools for States and Districts

June 25, 2014

This memorandum presents the results of an initial scan of states, large school districts, and educational organizations for resources that have been developed for use in the measurement of standards implementation across states and LEAs. Resources include tools, surveys, rubrics, and the reports resulting from resources used to track and evaluate the implementation of standards.